February 20, 2015
Major and Classification
- Professor Mitchell Earleywine
- Business & Mathematics
“The Role of Implicit and Explicit Alcohol Consumption Expectancies in Predicting External Aggressive Behavior”
This study measured implicit and explicit alcohol expectancies for aggression, their relationship to self-reported aggressive behaviors and their potential link to dispositional aggression. This study focused specifically on physical and verbal dispositional aggression in relation to those aforementioned variables. A sample of 185 participants, the majority of whom were undergraduates at the University of Southern California, participated in the experiment. The participants completed a 35-40 minute survey that consisted of the Implicit Association Test (IAT), the Alcohol Expectancies Regarding Sex, Aggression and Sexual Vulnerability (AESASVQ), Buss Perry Questionnaire, the Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire, Adolescent Version (AEQ-A) Questionnaire and other demographic measures. The Buss-Perry Physical Aggression subscale correlated strongly with the AESASVQ, including specific items that reported slapping/hitting another person, threatening to hurt another individual, and pushing/shoving someone after consuming alcohol. These findings supported the hypothesis that there is a connection between alcohol consumption and aggressive acts, specifically physical behavior.